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The Dark Side of Procrastination

All right, I’ll admit it. I am a procrastinator. If there is a Procrastinator’s Anonymous, I should probably be a member. In fact, an organization such as this might actually exist. I’ve always thought about checking into that, but somehow I never got around to it. Now, my excuse for never checking has been that I perform well under the gun and that’s true. In fact, some of my best work often occurs when I’m working under a time crunch. I am able to produce when I must. Even better, I like the feeling of satisfaction that I get when it’s all over having met the deadline with a job well done. It feels good. I have earned my place. 

What’s the problem then? A false sense of security is the problem and this is the dark side of procrastination. I’ve pulled it off at the last minute so many times before that I’m certain I can do it again and often this is true. Of course this can only happen if no unforeseen circumstances arise; and note that I have not shared the stories of when I didn’t make the deadline. I assure you that I have them. That said, while my missing a deadline from time to time might mean that I will need to ask for an extension, for an attorney in practice, a missed deadline can be disastrous.

Consider Rule 1.3 (a) of the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct and commentary. The rule states: “A lawyer shall act with reasonable diligence and promptness in representing a client.” Comment [3] to this rule reads “Perhaps no professional shortcoming is more widely resented than procrastination. A client’s interests often can be adversely affected by the passage of time or the change of conditions; in extreme instances, as when a lawyer overlooks a statute of limitations, the client’s legal position may be destroyed. Even when the client’s interests are not affected in substance, however, unreasonable delay can cause a client needless anxiety and undermine confidence in the lawyer’s trustworthiness.”

Procrastination can be a dangerous choice in the practice of law and it is so easy to do. The reasons behind procrastination are many. An attorney may assume that someone else is taking care of the matter, may not have a complete understanding as to how to best handle a matter, or may simply have too many matters open. Being afraid of imparting bad news, not wanting to deal with a “problem client,” or hoping that with enough time the problem will go away are other reasons that attorneys procrastinate. Sometimes the problem is an inability to organize work and a matter has been overlooked or forgotten about. Sometimes there is an inability to appropriately prioritize work coupled with a failure to appreciate the importance of completing the work on a given matter in a timely fashion. At other times procrastination arises for reasons that are more personal. An attorney may be depressed or burned out, thus unable to find the energy to finish a matter, or perhaps is impaired and not thinking clearly. 

These examples all point to the dark side of procrastination. Anyone could easily rationalize his or her way through them in order to reach a false sense of security. Who among us has never had at least one of the following thoughts now and again?

“I don’t need to worry about it because someone else will eventually take care of it.”

“I will have the time to do the research or call in a favor next week.”

“I can handle all this work now because I was able to do it before.”

“The client doesn’t really want to hear this bad news.”

“The client wouldn’t be able to handle the bad news.”

“The client isn’t going to be able to understand this and so doesn’t need to know.”

“If I wait long enough, this problem will eventually go away.”

“I’m sure I’m on top of everything so why worry.”

“I can get to this anytime.”

“I just don’t have the energy today, but I’ll make sure to do it tomorrow.”

“This really isn’t that important so it won’t matter when I get it done.”

“I need to spend my time on this important matter so these other matters can wait.”

“I don’t have anything going on next week so I’ll get to it then.”

“I’ll deal with this after I hear from them.”

Statements such as these are rationalizations that bring a false sense of security and nothing else. Admittedly, many times things work out just fine. The problem did go away, the difficult conversation with the client eventually occurred, someone else took care of it, or you benefited from having an extremely competent staff person make certain that you finished the work on time. But what if it doesn’t? Unfortunately at ALPS, we deal with those times that things didn’t work out as planned. Something unexpected happened and time ran out.

The purpose of this article is not to share all the various systems that could be put in place to help you complete all matters in a timely fashion; and truth be told, these systems can’t force you to do the work anyway. They can only remind you of what needs to be done. For example, a number of malpractice claims are classified as “failure to respond to the calendar.” With these types of claims the system apparently worked. It was the attorney who dropped the ball. The point here is simply to remind you that we as attorneys have an ethical obligation to be diligent in the handling of all client matters. Recognize procrastination for what it is - an excuse. There is real value in remembering that and in learning how to stop doing it because sooner or later the unexpected will happen and the fallout can be ugly.

Mark Bassingthwaighte, Esq. is a Risk Manager with Attorney’s Liability Protection Society, Inc. (ALPS). In his tenure with the company, he has conducted over 1,000 law firm risk management assessment visits, presented numerous continuing legal education seminars throughout the United States, and written extensively on risk management and technology. Mark received his J.D. from Drake University Law School and his undergraduate degree from Gettysburg College. He can be contacted at mbass@alpsnet.com.

Comments for The Dark Side of Procrastination


Name: Paul Paquin
Time: Monday, October 15, 2012

What if the attorney is depressed or burned out and cannot complete a matter by the due date? For example, an attorney going through a divorce or a separation. Would this be considered procrastination?

Name: penelope Strong
Time: Tuesday, October 16, 2012

This is not procrastination, in the true sense. But, if personal issues take time away from our practices, and they do- then we must be proactive and learn to timely manage tasks we cannot complete on time, and ask for time,help from a colleague or, withdraw from representing the client.

But ultimately, if the work does not get done, the lawyer is responsible.- regardless of the particular reason. Most judges would be, I think, sympathetic to a disclosure that we need more time, if we have this type of personal issue.If we do not want to vet it publicly, ask fro a tel conference with the court and opposing counsel, make your written motion fro more time generic, but honest,
The point always is- manage your time and calendar- before disasters occur.

Name: Lynn Boak
Time: Friday, October 26, 2012

It is easy to say,"Just withdraw from the matter" but if it's in court, the court may not let you withdraw without finding a replacement. If the client is a problem child, finding a replacement won't be easy.

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